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Cisco asa 5585 software upgrade

cisco asa 5585 software upgrade

ASA X Adaptive Security Appliance: Access product specifications, Smart Call Home, And Other Functionality - Software Upgrade Recommended. Complete these steps to upgrade a ASA and ASDM image directly from CCO. 1. Select Tools > Check for ASA/ASDM Updates from the Home window of. Cisco ASA Upgrade Guide 15/Mar/; Cisco Firepower Management Center Upgrade Guide, Version – 11/Oct/; AnyConnect HostScan Migration x to. SPLASHTOP SOS RESTART

SSH security improvements and new defaults in 9. SSH version 1 is no longer supported; only version 2 is supported. The ssh version 1 command will be migrated to ssh version 2. This setting is now the default ssh key-exchange group dh-groupsha The former default was Group 1 SHA1.

If it does not, you may see an error such as "Couldn't agree on a key exchange algorithm. The default is now the high security set of ciphers hmac-sha1 and hmac-sha as defined by the ssh cipher integrity high command. The former default was the medium set. The default trustpool is removed in 9.

As a result, crypto ca trustpool import default and crypto ca trustpool import clean default commands are also removed along with other related logic. However, in existing deployments, certificates that were previously imported using these command will remain in place. The ssl encryption command is removed in 9. ASA X memory issues with large configurations on 9. One option is to enter the object-group-search access-control command to improve memory usage for ACLs; your performance might be impacted, however.

Alternatively, you can downgrade to 9. Before upgrading to 9. If your failover key is too short, when you upgrade the first unit, the failover key will be rejected, and both units will become active until you set the failover key to a valid value. Do not upgrade to 9. After upgrading, the ASAv becomes unreachable. Upgrade to 9. Upgrade issue with 9. ASA 9. To avoid loss of SSH connectivity, you can update your configuration before you upgrade.

Sample original configuration for a username "admin":. To use the ssh authentication command, before you upgrade, enter the following commands:. We recommend setting a password for the username as opposed to keeping the nopassword keyword, if present. The nopassword keyword means that any password can be entered, not that no password can be entered.

Prior to 9. Now that the aaa command is required, it automatically also allows regular password authentication for a username if the password or nopassword keyword is present. After you upgrade, the username command no longer requires the password or nopassword keyword; you can require that a user cannot enter a password. Therefore, to force public key authentication only, re-enter the username command:. After the reload, the startup configuration will be parsed correctly.

For a cluster, follow the upgrade procedure in the FXOS release notes; no additional action is required. For the Firepower ASA security module, the feature mobile-sp command will automatically migrate to the feature carrier command. The following CSD commands will migrate: csd enable migrates to hostscan enable ; csd hostscan image migrates to hostscan image. ASA X and X upgrade issue when upgrading to 9.

Due to a manufacturing defect, an incorrect software memory limit might have been applied. If you upgrade to 9. If the memory shown is ,, or greater, then you can skip the rest of this procedure and upgrade as normal. We introduced or modified the following commands: ssl client-version, ssl server-version, ssl cipher, ssl trust-point, ssl dh-group.

We deprecated the following command: ssl encryption. We deprecated the following command: aaa-server protocol nt. The Auto Update Server certificate verification is now enabled by default; for new configurations, you must explicitly disable certificate verification. If you are upgrading from an earlier release, and you did not enable certificate verification, then certificate verification is not enabled, and you see the following warning:.

In order to verify this certificate please use the verify-certificate option. Upgrade impact for ASDM login when upgrading from a pre If you upgrade from a pre You must change the more command either before or after you upgrade to be at privilege level 5; only Admin level users can make this change. Note that ASDM version 7. Select more , and click Edit. Change the Privilege Level to 5, and click OK. Click OK , and then Apply. This value does not include the Layer 2 header. ACLs not in use are removed.

The any4 and any6 keywords are not available for all commands that use the any keyword. If you try to access the destination IP address on a different port not covered by a NAT rule, then the connection is blocked. This behavior is also true for Twice NAT. Moreover, traffic that does not match the source IP address of the Twice NAT rule will be dropped if it matches the destination IP address, regardless of the destination port.

Therefore, before you upgrade, you must add additional rules for all other traffic allowed to the destination IP address. If you want any other services to reach the server, such as FTP, then you must explicitly allow them:. Or, to allow traffic to other ports of the server, you can add a general static NAT rule that will match all other ports:.

If you want the outside hosts to reach another service on the inside server, add another NAT rule for the service, for example FTP:. If you want other source addresses to reach the inside server on any other ports, you can add another NAT rule for that specific IP address or for any source IP address. Make sure the general rule is ordered after the specific rule.

Configuration Migration for Transparent Mode—In 8. When you upgrade to 8. The functionality remains the same when using one bridge group. You can now take advantage of the bridge group feature to configure up to four interfaces per bridge group and to create up to eight bridge groups in single mode or per context. Note In 8. When upgrading to 8. The unidirectional keyword is removed. See the following guide that describes the configuration migration process when you upgrade from a pre Zero Downtime Downgrades are not officially supported with clustering.

Flow offload is disabled by default for ASA. To perform a Failover or Clustering hitless upgrade when using flow offload, you need to follow the below upgrade paths to ensure that you are always running a compatible combination when upgrading to FXOS 2. For example, you are on FXOS 2. During this time, additional unit failures might result in lost sessions.

Therefore, during a cluster upgrade, to avoid traffic loss, follow these steps. On the chassis without the control unit, disable clustering on one module using the ASA console. If you are upgrading FXOS on the chassis as well as ASA, save the configuration so clustering will be disabled after the chassis reboots:. Repeat steps 1 through 6 on the second chassis, being sure to disable clustering on the data units first, and then finally the control unit.

A new control unit will be chosen from the upgraded chassis. After the cluster has stabilized, redistribute active sessions among all modules in the cluster using the ASA console on the control unit. Upgrade issue for 9. You should perform your upgrade to 9. Remove all secondary units from the cluster so the cluster consists only of the primary unit. Upgrade the remaining secondary units, and join them back to the cluster, one at a time. Zero Downtime Upgrade may not be supported when upgrading to the following releases with the fix for CSCvb If you set a custom cipher that only includes 3DES, then you may have a mismatch if the other side of the connection uses the default medium ciphers that no longer include 3DES.

This bug is present in 9. We suggest that you upgrade to a version that includes the fix for CSCuy 9. However, due to the nature of configuration replication, zero downtime upgrade is not available. See CSCuy for more information about different methods of upgrading.

Firepower Threat Defense Version 6. If you deployed or re-deployed a 6. Otherwise, the units will not be able to rejoin the cluster after the upgrade. If you already upgraded, change the site ID to 0 on each unit to resolve the issue. You can ignore this display; the status will show correctly when you upgrade all units.

There are no special requirements for Zero Downtime Upgrades for failover with the following exceptions:. Upgrade issues with 8. You should instead upgrade to 8. To upgrade 9. Upgrade issue with GTP inspection—There could be some downtime during the upgrade, because the GTP data structures are not replicated to the new node. Also, if you ever ran an earlier ASA version that had a vulnerable configuration, then regardless of the version you are currently running, you should verify that the portal customization was not compromised.

If an attacker compromised a customization object in the past, then the compromised object stays persistent after you upgrade the ASA to a fixed version. Upgrading the ASA prevents this vulnerability from being exploited further, but it will not modify any customization objects that were already compromised and are still present on the system.

Before you upgrade, read the release notes for each FXOS version in your chosen upgrade path. Release notes contain important information about each FXOS release, including new features and changed functionality. Upgrading may require configuration changes that you must address. Are there intermediate versions required? Back up your configurations. See the configuration guide for each operating system for backup methods.

For example, ASDM 7. ASDM 7. Due to CSCuv , we recommend that you upgrade to 9. You can ignore the message. All devices support remote management with the FMC. The FMC must run the same or newer version as its managed devices. This means:. You can manage older devices with a newer FMC , usually a few major versions back. However, we recommend you always update your entire deployment. New features and resolved issues often require the latest release on both the FMC and its managed devices.

You cannot upgrade a device past the FMC. Even for maintenance third-digit releases, you must upgrade the FMC first. FMC Version. The bold versions listed below are specially-qualified companion releases. You should use these software combinations whenever possible because Cisco performs enhanced testing for these combinations.

FXOS 2. Other releases that are paired with 2. All commands below are to be performed on the Active firewall in the failover pair. Note that partway through these steps the Active firewall will change from your Primary firewall assuming the Primary firewall was Active at the start to your Secondary firewall. Now that your firewalls have been upgraded, you may wish to perform several additional tasks, such as:.

Areas that you may wish to review include: The security advisory for any workarounds that may work for your organization and thus could enable you to avoid having to perform a software upgrade. The release notes for Cisco ASA software version 9. Also review this software compatibility matrix if you are using any additional tools e. Review any design documentation that you have for your implementation.

This can help guide any verification procedures that should be performed. Identify business-critical applications that rely on these firewalls, so that those applications can be verified post-upgrade. Implementing the Upgrade Now that you have properly prepared for your upgrade and have pre-staged the new software packages on both your Active and Standby firewall, it is time to bring your firewalls to a new software version.

Begin by logging into the Active firewall via SSH. Perform pre-change information gathering by capturing output from your device. Commands will need to be adjusted based on the features and protocols you use on your firewall, but below are a few examples. To avoid pagination of the output which can make performing a diff on your text files difficult , we start by setting the pagination length to 0 no pagination.

Capture the state of any business applications that are critical. It is better to understand what the state of a business application is before the firewall upgrade. This ensures that it will not be incorrectly assumed that the firewall upgrade is contributing to issues with the application after the upgrade is complete if the application was already not working before the upgrade.

Adjust the boot variables. The order of how the boot variables are configured influences the order of software packages the Cisco ASA will attempt to load when booting. As a result, we must briefly remove all boot statements currently configured and then reapply the new boot statements.

We will keep the previous software version listed as a backup. In this example, 9. This ensures that we do not interrupt traffic flowing through the Active firewall if the upgrade fails on the Standby firewall. No users or services will experience impact. We can work to restore the Standby firewall, and if you are able to restore the Standby firewall to the new version, you can discuss with stakeholders if you should proceed further with upgrading the Active firewall.

When issuing this command, the firewall will immediately drop your SSH session. However, within one or two seconds, you should be able to SSH back to your newly promoted Active firewall the Standby firewall we previously upgraded. The benefit of doing this now is that you have an opportunity to promote your previous Active and functioning firewall still running 9.

Verification could include: Running the same pre-change information gathering commands documented in step 2 and comparing against the previous output to ensure that the state of critical features and protocols is operational. This can be accomplished by using a text diff tool which provides contextual highlighting for easily identifying changes between the two files.

Having users test critical business applications. If all verifications are successful, proceed to reload the new Standby firewall. This will allow it to move from running the 9. Assuming that the Primary firewall was Active at the beginning of the change, this will ensure the Primary firewall is Active as we finish.

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Filezilla login not working Review the status of the installation. SPA The system is currently installed with security software package 9. When the former control unit rejoins the cluster, it will be a data unit. Step 7 Verify upgrade success. However, you should create an extensive list of data gathering commands so that you can validate the health of your firewall and all its features in the event the upgrade does not go as planned.
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If you did not have a boot system command configured, skip this step. Set the ASA image to boot the one you just uploaded. You can only enter a single boot system command. The boot system command performs an action when you enter it: the system validates and unpacks the image and copies it to the boot location an internal location on disk0 managed by FXOS. The new image will load when you reload the ASA. If you change your mind prior to reloading, you can enter the no boot system command to delete the new image from the boot location, so the current image continues to run.

Set the ASDM image to use the one you just uploaded. You can only configure one ASDM image to use; in this case, you do not need to first remove the existing configuration. Save the new settings to the startup configuration:. The Upgrade Software from Local Computer tool lets you upload an image file from your computer to the flash file system to upgrade the ASA for the Firepower , Firepower in Appliance mode.

The Upgrade Software dialog box appears. Click Upload Image. You are prompted to set this image as the ASDM image. Click Yes. You are reminded to exit ASDM and save the configuration. Click OK. You exit the Upgrade tool. You can also use this procedure to upload other file types. A new window appears that asks you to verify the details of the reload. Click the Save the running configuration at the time of reload radio button the default.

Choose a time to reload for example, Now , the default. Click Schedule Reload. Once the reload is in progress, a Reload Status window appears that indicates that a reload is being performed. An option to exit ASDM is also provided. You can check the reload status from a console port, or you can wait a few minutes and try to connect using ASDM until you are successful.

The Upgrade Software from Cisco. In this wizard, you can do the following:. ASDM downloads the latest image version, which includes the build number. For example, if you are downloading 9. This behavior is expected, so you can proceed with the planned upgrade. Review the upgrade changes that you have made. Download the image or images and install them. Review the status of the installation.

If the installation completed successfully, reload the ASA to save the configuration and complete the upgrade. Due to an internal change, the wizard is only supported using ASDM 7. In multiple context mode, access this menu from the System. The Cisco. Enter your Cisco. If there is no upgrade available, a dialog box appears. Click OK to exit the wizard.

Click Next to display the Select Software screen. Click Next to display the Review Changes screen. Verify the following items:. The correct ASA boot image has been selected. Click Next to start the upgrade installation. You can then view the status of the upgrade installation as it progresses. The Results screen appears, which provides additional details, such as the upgrade installation status success or failure. If the upgrade installation succeeded, for the upgrade versions to take effect, check the Save configuration and reload device now check box to restart the ASA, and restart ASDM.

Click Finish to exit the wizard and save the configuration changes that you have made. To upgrade to the next higher version, if any, you must restart the wizard. Perform these steps on the active unit. When you connect to the CLI, determine the failover status by looking at the ASA prompt; you can configure the ASA prompt to show the failover status and priority primary or secondary , which is useful to determine which unit you are connected to.

See the prompt command. Alternatively, enter the show failover command to view this unit's status and priority primary or secondary. Copy the software to the standby unit; be sure to specify the same path as for the active unit:. Copy the ASDM image to the active unit flash memory:. Copy the ASDM image to the standby unit; be sure to specify the same path as for the active unit:. If you are not already in global configuration mode, access global configuration mode:.

Set the ASDM image to use the one you just uploaded :. You can only configure one ASDM image to use; in this case you do not need to first remove the existing configuration. Wait for the standby unit to finish loading. Use the show failover command to verify that the standby unit is in the Standby Ready state. Force the active unit to fail over to the standby unit. From the new active unit, reload the former active unit now the new standby unit.

If you are connected to the former active unit console port, you should instead enter the reload command to reload the former active unit. In the Flash File System Path field, enter the path to the flash file system or click Browse Flash to find the directory or file in the flash file system.

The uploading process might take a few minutes. When you are prompted to set this image as the ASA image, click No. Upload the ASA software, using the same file location you used for the standby unit. When you are prompted to set the image as the ASA image, click Yes.

You are reminded to reload the ASA to use the new image. Click the Save icon on the toolbar to save your configuration changes. Stay on the System pane to monitor when the standby unit reloads. Copy the software to the secondary unit; be sure to specify the same path as for the primary unit:. Copy the ASDM image to the primary unit flash memory:. Copy the ASDM image to the secondary unit; be sure to specify the same path as for the primary unit:. Save the new settings to the startup configuration.

Make both failover groups active on the primary unit. Wait for the secondary unit to finish loading. Use the show failover command to verify that both failover groups are in the Standby Ready state. Force both failover groups to become active on the secondary unit:.

If you are disconnected from your SSH session, reconnect to the failover group 1 IP address, now on the secondary unit. If you are connected to the primary unit console port, you should instead enter the reload command to reload the primary unit. If the failover groups are configured with the preempt command, they automatically become active on their designated unit after the preempt delay has passed. Launch ASDM on the secondary unit by connecting to the management address in failover group 2.

Connect ASDM to the primary unit by connecting to the management IP address in failover group 1, and upload the ASDM software, using the same file location you used on the secondary unit. Upload the ASA software, using the same file location you used for the secondary unit. These configuration changes are automatically saved on the secondary unit. Stay on the System pane to monitor when the secondary unit reloads. If the failover groups are configured with Preempt Enabled, they automatically become active on their designated unit after the preempt delay has passed.

For appliance mode procedures, see Upgrade the Firepower , in Appliance Mode. This section describes how to upgrade the ASA bundle for a standalone unit. You will upload the package from your management computer. Click Upload Image to upload the new package from your management computer. Click Choose File to navigate to and select the package that you want to upload. The selected package is uploaded to the chassis.

The Upload Image dialog box shows the upload status. Wait for the Success dialog box, and click OK. After completing the upload, the integrity of the image is automatically verified. Click the Upgrade icon to the right of the new package. Click Yes to confirm that you want to proceed with installation.

There is no indicator that the new package is being loaded. You will still see the Firepower Chassis Manager at the beginning of the upgrade process. When the system reboots, you will be logged out. You must wait for the system to come back up before you can log in to the Firepower Chassis Manager.

The reboot process takes approximately 20 minutes. After the reboot, you will see the login screen. When the new package finishes downloading Downloaded state , boot the package. In the show package output, copy the Package-Vers value for the security-pack version number.

The chassis installs the ASA image and reboots. Wait until you see the following messages:. The active unit always owns the active IP address. Connect to the Firepower Chassis Manager on the standby unit. Make the unit that you just upgraded the active unit so that traffic flows to the upgraded unit. Connect to the Firepower Chassis Manager on the former active unit.

You need to determine which unit is active and which is standby. To determine the failover status, look at the ASA prompt; you can configure the ASA prompt to show the failover status and priority primary or secondary , which is useful to determine which unit you are connected to. Alternatively, enter the ASA show failover command to view this unit's status and priority primary or secondary.

Specify the URL for the file being imported using one of the following:. View the version number of the new package. Launch ASDM on the primary unit or the unit with failover group 1 active by connecting to the management address in failover group 1. Connect to the Firepower Chassis Manager on the secondary unit.

Make both failover groups active on the secondary unit. Connect to the Firepower Chassis Manager on the primary unit. If the failover groups are configured with the ASA preempt command, they automatically become active on their designated unit after the preempt delay has passed. If the failover groups are not configured with the preempt command, you can return them to active status on their designated units by connecting to the ASA CLI and using the failover active group command.

Show the current boot images configured up to 4 :. The ASA uses the images in the order listed; if the first image is unavailable, the next image is used, and so on. You cannot insert a new image URL at the top of the list; to specify the new image to be first, you must remove any existing entries, and enter the image URLs in the order desired, according to the next steps. Remove any existing boot image configurations so that you can enter the new boot image as your first choice:. Set the ASA image to boot the one you just uploaded :.

Repeat this command for any backup images that you want to use in case this image is unavailable. For example, you can re-enter the images that you previously removed. You can only configure one ASDM image to use, so you do not need to first remove the existing configuration. The Upgrade Software from Local Computer tool lets you upload an image file from your computer to the flash file system to upgrade the ASA.

You can reenable it after the upgrade:. Wait for the upgrade to complete. Reload the standby unit to boot the new image:. Wait for the upgrade to complete, and then connect ASDM back to the active unit. Perform these steps in the system execution space. Make both failover groups active on the primary unit:. Reload the secondary unit to boot the new image:.

Wait for the upgrade to complete, and then connect ASDM back to the primary unit. Wait for the upgrade to complete, and then connect ASDM back to the secondary unit. To upgrade all units in an ASA cluster, perform the following steps. Perform these steps on the control unit. You can configure the ASA prompt to show the cluster unit and state control or data , which is useful to determine which unit you are connected to. Alternatively, enter the show cluster info command to view each unit's role.

You must use the console port; you cannot enable or disable clustering from a remote CLI connection. Perform these steps in the system execution space for multiple context mode. Copy the ASDM image to all units in the cluster:. If you are not already in global configuration mode, access it now.

Show the current boot images configured up to 4. Note the cluster-pool poolname used. During the upgrade process, never use the cluster master unit command to force a data unit to become control; you can cause network connectivity and cluster stability-related problems. You must upgrade and reload all data units first, and then continue with this procedure to ensure a smooth transition from the current control unit to a new control unit.

Click OK when you are done. Once both the local and remote file names are specified, click Upload Image. Once completed, an Information window appears that indicates a successful upload and if the image should be set as boot image. Select Yes. A new window appears that asks you to verify the details of the reload.

Select Save the running configuration at the time of reload and then choose a time to reload. You can also specify whether or not the device should force a reload immediately if a scheduled reload fails. Check On Reload failure, force an immediate reload after and then specify a maximum hold time.

This is the amount of time that the security appliance waits to notify other subsystems before a shutdown or reboot. Click Schedule Reload. Once the reload is in progress, a Reload Status window appears that indicates that a reload is being performed. An option to exit ASDM is also provided. Select ASDM as the image type to upload from the drop-down menu. Click OK once the image is updated with the new image. When the username and password prompt appears, provide the Cisco.

The Cisco. In te Overview section, click Next. In the Select Software section, check the software which needs to be upgraded. Click Next once the appropriate versions are selected. The Installation of the images start and the overall progress can be seen as below. Once completed click Finish. In the Results section, check the "Save configuration and reload device now" option.

Click Finish. The Reload status screen appears while the device reloads. The copy tftp flash command enables you to download a software image into the Flash memory of the firewall via TFTP. You can use the copy tftp flash command with any security appliance model.

The image you download can now be used upon the next reboot , by changing the boot system variable to point to this image. Note: For ASA, keyword disk0 replaces flash in the copy command. If you only enter a colon, parameters are taken from the tftp-server command settings.

If other optional parameters are supplied, then these values are used in place of the corresponding tftp-server command setting. If any of the optional parameters, such as a colon and anything after it are supplied, the command runs without a prompt for user input. The location is either an IP address or a name that resolves to an IP address via the security appliance naming resolution mechanism, which is currently static mappings via the name and names commands.

The security appliance must know how to reach this location via its routing table information. This depends on your configuration. The pathname can include any directory names besides the actual last component of the path to the file on the server. The pathname cannot contain spaces. If a directory name has spaces set to the directory in the TFTP server instead of in the copy tftp flash command, and if your TFTP server is configured to point to a directory on the system from which you download the image, you only need to use the IP address of the system and the image filename.

The TFTP server receives the command and determines the actual file location from its root directory information. The server then downloads the TFTP image to the security appliance. These commands are needed to upgrade the software image as well as the ASDM image and make it as a boot image at the next reload.

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